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Music

Folk songs. Folk songs, being ancient and important genre of musical-poetic creativity of azerbaijani people reflect the inner world and hopes of a man. Traditional, ceremonial, child, lyric and epic songs were had been forming during millenniums.

Dances. Folk dances make the base of national instrumental music. Among popular women dances are “Vagzaly”, “Uzundere”. Examples of men’s dances are “Gaytagy”, “Jengi” etc. There are also dances which are performed jointly. The most famous collective dance of azerbaijani people is ancient “Yally”. It is painted on Gobustan rocks.
Ashug creativity. Term “ashug” has been used since XIVth century. Ashug writes poems, music, performs on saz (ancient Azerbaijani musical stringed instrument) and dances himself. Azerbaijani ashug art was included in the representative list of non-material cultural heritage of UNESCO in 2009.

Classical music. Written composing in Azerbaijan has more than 100 year history beginning from the first opera “Leyli and Mejnun” by famous composer Uzeir Hajibayov. Important period in the development of Azerbaijani music was ballet by G.Garayev - “7 beauties” (1952). Among other historical events – performance of “Thousand and one night” by F.Amirov, “Legend of love” by A.Melikov. Presently Azerbaijani classical musicians are known abroad the country. It is necessary to mention International Contest of vocalists named after Bulbul, International Rostropovich festival and International Music Festival being held in Gabala.


Jazz. Jazz in Azerbaijan acquired unique national traces and vivid nuances. At the beginning of 1930-s, two coryphaeus of Azerbaijani music – young pianist Tofik Guliyev and maestro Niyazi created first jazz orchestra in Baku. Famous Tallin festival takes place in 1967 where Vagif Mustafazade and Rafik Babayev demonstrated for the first time examples of synthesing Eastern and Western music.

For more information please visit
http://www.azerbaijan.az/portal/Culture/Music

http://harmony.musigi-dunya.az/

http://www.jazz.az/


 
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